Learning never ends
Sep 15

thepeoplesrecord:

10 intriguing female revolutionaries that you didn’t learn about in history class
August 24, 2014

We all know male revolutionaries like Che Guevara, but history often tends to gloss over the contributions of female revolutionaries that have sacrificed their time, efforts, and lives to work towards burgeoning systems and ideologies. Despite misconceptions, there are tons of women that have participated in revolutions throughout history, with many of them playing crucial roles. They may come from different points on the political spectrum, with some armed with weapons and some armed with nothing but a pen, but all fought hard for something that they believed in.

Let’s take a look at 10 of these female revolutionaries from all over the world that you probably won’t ever see plastered across a college student’s T-shirt.

Nadezhda Krupskaya
Many people know Nadezhda Krupskaya simply as Vladimir Lenin’s wife, but Nadezhda was a Bolshevik revolutionary and politician in her own right. She was heavily involved in a variety of political activities, including serving as the Soviet Union’s Deputy Minister of Education from 1929 until her death in 1939, and a number of educational pursuits. Prior to the revolution, she served as secretary of the Iskra group, managing continent-wide correspondence, much of which had to be decoded. After the revolution, she dedicated her life to improving education opportunities for workers and peasants, for example by striving to make libraries available to everyone.

Constance Markievicz
Constance Markievicz (née Gore-Booth) was an Anglo-Irish Countess, Sinn Féin and Fianna Fáil politician, revolutionary nationalist, suffragette and socialist. She participated in many Irish independence efforts, including the Easter Rising of 1916, in which she had a leadership role. During the Rising, she wounded a British sniper before being forced to retreat and surrender. After, she was the only woman out of 70 to be put into solitary confinement. She was sentenced to death, but was pardoned based on her gender. Interestingly, the prosecuting counsel claimed that she begged “I am only a woman, you cannot shoot a woman”, while court records show she said “I do wish your lot had the decency to shoot me”. Constance was one of the first women in the world to hold a cabinet position (Minister for Labour of the Irish Republic, 1919–1922), and she was also the first woman elected to the British House of Commons (December 1918)—a position which she rejected due to the Sinn Féin abstentionist policy.

Petra Herrera
During the Mexican Revolution, female soldiers known as soldaderas went into combat along with the men although they often faced abuse. One of the most well-known of the soldaderas was Petra Herrera, who disguised her gender and went by the name “Pedro Herrera”. As Pedro, she established her reputation by demonstrating exemplary leadership (and blowing up bridges) and was able to reveal her gender in time. She participated in the second battle of Torreón on May 30, 1914 along with about 400 other women, even being named by some as being deserving of full credit for the battle. Unfortunately, Pancho Villa was likely unwilling to give credit to a woman and did not promote her to General. In response, Petra left Villa’s forces and formed her own all-woman brigade.

Nwanyeruwa
Nwanyeruwa, an Igbo woman in Nigeria, sparked a short war that is often called the first major challenge to British authority in West Africa during the colonial period. On November 18, 1929, an argument between Nwanyeruwa and a census man named Mark Emereuwa broke out after he told her to “count her goats, sheep and people.” Understanding this to mean she would be taxed (traditionally, women were not charged taxes), she discussed the situation with the other women and protests, deemed the Women’s War, began to occur over the course of two months. About 25,000 women all over the region were involved, protesting both the looming tax changes and the unrestricted power of the Warrant Chiefs. In the end, women’s position were greatly improved, with the British dropping their tax plans, as well as the forced resignation of many Warrant Chiefs.

Lakshmi Sehgal
Lakshmi Sahgal, colloquially known as “Captain Lakshmi”, was a revolutionary of the Indian independence movement, an officer of the Indian National Army, and later, the Minister of Women’s Affairs in the Azad Hind government. In the 40s, she commanded the Rani of Jhansi Regiment, an all-women regiment that aimed to overthrow British Raj in colonial India. The regiment was one of the very few all-female combat regiments of WWII on any side, and was named after another renowned female revolutionary in Indian history, Rani Lakshmibai, who was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

Sophie Scholl
German revolutionary Sophie Scholl was a founding member of the non-violent Nazi resistance group The White Rose, which advocated for active resistance to Hitler’s regime through an anonymous leaflet and graffiti campaign. In February of 1943, she and other members were arrested for handing out leaflets at the University of Munich and sentenced to death by guillotine. Copies of the leaflet, retitled The Manifesto of the Students of Munich, were smuggled out of the country and millions were air-dropped over Germany by Allied forces later that year.

Blanca Canales
Blanca Canales was a Puerto Rican Nationalist who helped organize the Daughters of Freedom, the women’s branch of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party. She was one of the few women in history to have led a revolt against the United States, known as the Jayuya Uprising. In 1948, a severely restricting bill known as the Gag Bill, or Law 53, was introduced that made it a crime to print, publish, sell, or exhibit any material intended to paralyze or destroy the insular government. In response, the Nationalists starting planning armed revolution. On October 30, 1950, Blanca and others took up arms which she had stored in her home and marched into the town of Jayuya, taking over the police station, burning down the post office, cutting the telephone wires, and raising the Puerto Rican flag in defiance of the Gag Law. As a result, the US President declared martial law and ordered Army and Air Force attacks on the town. The Nationalists held on for awhile, but were arrested and sentenced to life in prison after 3 days. Much of Jayuya was destroyed, and the incident was not fairly covered by US media, with the US President even saying it was “an incident between Puerto Ricans.”

Celia Sanchez
Most people know Fidel Castro and Che Guevara, but fewer people have heard of Celia Sanchez, the woman at the heart of the Cuban Revolution who has even been rumored to be the main decision-maker. After the March 10, 1952 coup, Celia joined the struggle against the Batista government. She was a founder of the 26th of July Movement, leader of combat squads throughout the revolution, controlled group resources, and even made the arrangements for the Granma landing, which transported 82 fighters from Mexico to Cuba in order to overthrow Batista. After the revolution, Celia remained with Castro until her death.

Kathleen Neal Cleaver
Kathleen Neal Cleaver was a member of the Black Panther Party and the first female member of the Party’s decision-making body. She served as spokesperson and press secretary and organized the national campaign to free the Party’s minister of defense, Huey Newton, who had been jailed. She and other women, such as Angela Davis, made up around 2/3 of the Party at one point, despite the notion that the BPP was overwhelmingly masculine.

Asmaa Mahfouz
Asmaa Mahfouz is a modern-day revolutionary who is credited with sparking the January 2011 uprising in Egypt through a video blog post encouraging others to join her in protest in Tahrir Square. She is considered one of the leaders of the Egyptian Revolution and is a prominent member of Egypt’s Coalition of the Youth of the Revolution.

These 10 women are but the tip of the iceberg when it comes to female revolutionaries. Let us know who you’d like to see in a list of female revolutionaries.

Source

(via blackgirlsrpretty2)

Sep 14

Black people tend not to understand propaganda

This is so relevant. 

(Source: kingjaffejoffer, via blackgirlsrpretty2)

Sep 11

poldberg:

While there is a lot of appropriate rage about Ferguson right now, the killing of John Crawford, III is getting less attention than it deserves. I put Shaun King’s tweets and history lesson on the matter in chronological order for easier consumption.

Links:

Autopsy and video show John Crawford shot from behind in Wal-Mart

Witness in murder of John Crawford changes story

You really should be following Shaun King on Twitter.

(via postracialcomments)

Sep 10

postracialcomments:

depressednmoderatelywelldressed:

str8nochaser:

mayasbadassmama:

"All this talk about race makes me uncomfortable. Try being black!!!"

YASSSSSSSSSSSS for the babies dropping knowledge. 

i am here for this.
yes.
YES. this made my morning. 

the white tears in the comments tho. its like, people here are absolutely refusing to acknowledge, accept and deal. rather, they are digging their heels in like reticent spoiled children and being “la la la la la i don’t hear anything!”. the children in this video are displaying more maturity. they would rather cry and whine and DO EVERY SINGLE THING THE KIDS IN THIS VIDEO WERE TALKING ABOUT than think about what is being said and consider that “hmmm, maybe this could be true. maybe there is a problem. maybe i should educate myself and begin to be a part of the change.” but no…. let’s continue false equivalencies, derailments, flat out denial and being abominably racist from the safety of internet anonymity. its almost comical, but then realizing that these attitudes have a direct effect on the lives of people who look like me and people i love deeply disturbs me. but still… this video is all types of win. 

You this is amazing these kids are awesome watch this it really brightened my morning

I LOVE THESE KIDS!!!!!

Sep 9

postracialcomments:

browngirlblues:

cheyennecheyenne:

I’m just gonna… leave these tweets here…

Preach

YES TO ALL OF THIS 

Sep 8

(Source: postracialcomments)

Sep 5

kiarasnaps:

Laverne: Nicole, does your belief system now change, in which you now know you don’t need him to be there? 
Nicole: No. I think what happens is it turns into less a conversation about my blackness and more about relating to humanity, because that’s really what we’re trying to do. We’re just realizing that people are capable of doing it. We’re underestimating people because people said we weren’t viable. 
[x]

(via blackgirlsrpretty2)

jussericmatthew:

nevver:

Seizure of indigenous land, 1776-1887

Never forget.
Sep 5

jussericmatthew:

nevver:

Seizure of indigenous land, 1776-1887

Never forget.

(via blackgirlsrpretty2)

Sep 4

amaditalks:

loriadorable:

nudityandnerdery:

silensy:

2005-2014

Good lord, this is the most stark portrayal I’ve seen of this.

Holy crap, over nine years?

[Tweet from Mark Mellman: “Why the poor can have ‘things’ but can’t escape poverty” with a chart showing the decline in cost over time of goods (especially steep for electronics) and the simultaneous increase in cost over time of needs like housing, healthcare, and education.]

Keep telling people not to spend their money on shoes, though. That’ll really help.

This is why it’s entirely reasonable that someone who can’t afford to purchase health insurance or pay college tuition has decent clothing, a “nice” TV (all TVs are “nice” now) or a smartphone. And also why people should stop making presumptions about how other people spend money.

(Source: always-returning, via thesoftghetto)

hasdarrenwilsonbeenarrestedyet:

Jeff Roorda defends police officer video taped punching handcuffed teenager.. Also says that video should only be used to protect police. Watch the video all the way to the end.

(via thesoftghetto)

Sep 3
25 days, 8 hours since Mike Brown was killed.
Sep 2

incitatus37ad:

asoftkitten:

postracialcomments:

monsterbeard:

raptoravatar:

postracialcomments:

This level of conflict of interest is massively unsurprising.

This is horrifying. The worst of Chicago politics migrated south to St. Louis.

Extremely. While we think of Chicago and New York as the most corrupt, we tend to forget our own local politics. This problem is wide spread in every city/county/state. 

There is no way to escape it until we all become aware of this problem. And then when we are aware, we have to organize and attack the problem by its roots. 

Oh my god

Kind of want to point out something about Prosecutor McCollough helping to release that convenience store video since I have some education in how the court system works in the US. There is no way that video would ever meet the light of day in any reputable court room. In order for evidence to be relevant, it has to prove some fact of the case more or less probable. It has been established that Officer Wilson didn’t know about the robbery, so the only thing it could possibly be used as evidence for is trying to establish that Michael Brown has a “criminal” character, which is not allowed. It is clearly prejudicial evidence and such establishment of a vaguely defined character in court can’t be used to prove that on a different occasion the person in question acted in accordance with this character trait. There are rules put in place specifically to prohibit these “smear” campaigns from clouding and warping the case. For these reasons, the video of Michael Brown in the convenience store would never be seen by the jury in the case of Darren Wilson v State of Missouri. I know this after taking part in educational programs concerning law, and the Prosecutor definitely knows this after, presumably, getting a degree. This means that the only reason the Prosecutor would possibly agree to and aid the release of that video is if he was actively working against his own case and wanted to contaminate the jury pool and attempt to sway public opinion.

(via postracialcomments)

Sep 2

barbie-isalive:

zaynspersonalbodyinspector:

In our society today girls feel that they need to be skinny in order to find love.  Fact is, your true love is gonna love you no matter what.  If he cares about the size of your thighs more then the size of your heart…drop him my darlings as no man should make you feel bad about your size if he truly loves you <3

Reblog. Every. Single. Time.

I wanna thank bae for loving me no matter what. 👏👏👏

(Source: chasind, via obey-breathe-obey)

Sep 1

theblackestwidow:

THIS MAN IS A GIFT

(Source: sandandglass, via jessehimself)

Aug 31

exgynocraticgrrl:

Kerry Washington performing Sojourner Truth's 1851 "Ain't I A Woman" speech

 A clip from the History Channel’s “The People Speak”

(via blackgirlsrpretty2)